We ended the ‘academic year’ of our doctrine classes by taking two sessions to look at ‘heart religion’. This was intended to link with and examine the ethos of the Summer Conference. Before the conference we examined the concept, and after the conference we tried to consider how the various aspects and messages we’d had exemplified ‘heart religion’. This is a vital issue because we can too easily mistake ‘true religion’ for ‘mind’ or ‘affect’ religion. In the case of ‘mind’ religion you evacuate the feelings and vital saving faith is exchanged for agreeing with the gospel. This is close to a known heresy called Sandemanianism, which even the great preacher Christmas Evans fell into. A kind of arid mentalism which decries any show of emotion as extreme and even dangerous. As Dr Lloyd-Jones has said, there is a tendency, especially in our backslidden times, to interpret scripture in the light of our own limited and insipid experience. We are even too arrogant to allow ourselves to be put to shame by the clear expressions and terms used in the scriptures and in the lives and language of our forefathers.
The following lines are often quoted by Rev WV Higham:
True religion is more than notion, something must be known and felt (Joseph Hart)
Make no mistake, heart religion is a crucial matter.
On the 22nd July, we began by reading the Conference Ethos (link).
I asked the Pastor for the best verses or passages about heart religion and he said that any verse or passage in the bible could be applied to this topic under the influence of the Holy Spirit
What is the ‘heart’ in scripture ?
Prov 23:26 ‘My son, give me thine heart’
The Heart as the ‘seat of religion’ (Berkhof)
Also well worth reading Vine on how ‘heart’ is defined in the scriptures.
Prov 4:23 Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it are the issues of life.
Matt 5:8 Blessed are the pure in heart; for they shall see God
Ps 51:10 Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me.
Ps 51:27 The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.
Clearly the heart is vital. The scriptures are very clear that without the ‘heart’, you do not have Christianity, you have mere religion.
11To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the LORD: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats.
12When ye come to appear before me, who hath required this at your hand, to tread my courts?
13Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination unto me; the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot away with; it is iniquity, even the solemn meeting.
14Your new moons and your appointed feasts my soul hateth: they are a trouble unto me; I am weary to bear them.
15And when ye spread forth your hands, I will hide mine eyes from you: yea, when ye make many prayers, I will not hear: your hands are full of blood.
16Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from before mine eyes; cease to do evil;
17Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow.
2 Tim 3:5 Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away.
Ezek 33:31 And they come unto thee as the people cometh, and they sit before thee as my people, and they hear thy words, but they will not do them: for with their mouth they shew much love, but their heart goeth after their covetousness. And, lo, thou art unto them as a very lovely song of one that hath a pleasant voice, and can play well on an instrument: for they hear thy words, but they do them not.
Ps 78:36-7 Nevertheless they did flatter him with their mouth, and they lied unto him with their tongues. For their heart was not right with him, neither were they stedfast in his covenant.
Considering the conference themes, the following week we considered how the conference speakers exemplify heart religion in their messages.
- The Gospel – with Jonathan Munday and Neil Pfieffer
- Godly living – John J Murray
- Waiting for the Dawning – Richard Brooks
- Song of Songs – Vernon Higham
22/7/2012 John J Murray in his gospel address spoke of how we must be ‘looking unto Jesus’ (Heb 12) because there is no-one else. Looking unto Him in earnest importunity. It is the only true way, for the world can only offer ‘broken cisterns’.
23/7/2012 In John J Murray’s first sermon, he spoke of the central importance of experimental Calvinism. Warfield said that the ‘True Calvinist’ is ‘a man who has seen God in his Glory: in terror, in salvation. Al Martin spoke of apprehending God, a realisation more than mere understanding, adoring wonder, ‘feeling thinking’. A purely ‘academic Calvinist’ is a misnomer, like saying, ‘a living corpse’.
In WV Higham’s Tuesday evening sermon he spoke of the great sense of sin, that we turn from what we are and turn to God. This happens in the heart, or soul. The believer then delights to hear His voice. On Wednesday morning he spoke of how the believer finds Christ ‘altogether lovely’. How can we turn away from such love?! He has given us the gifts of repentance and love. We know that he gave this life for us and shed his blood for us at Calvary.
On Thursday morning, John J Murray spoke of living to the glory of God and to the honour of Christ, finding true happiness through the conviction of sin, salvation and pursuing a holy life. Living selflessly – die to self and live to Christ and for others. Living a contented life – knowing that God, in His providence, knows best. On Thursday evening, Richard Brooks spoke of keeping the second coming of the Lord Jesus Christ on our spiritual horizon. He continued on Friday morning saying that we must believe that he will come again as he has promised, indeed we must pray, ‘Come quickly’. He urged us to keep the second coming daily in our prayers and meditations, remembering that our truest and richest possessions are in glory.
On Friday evening, Neil Pfeiffer preached that we should come with our spiritual ‘feet’ to Christ. It had to be a move of the heart.
(I am indebted to Bethan Lewington for her notes on these sermons)
I included a useful quote from John Kennedy’s book on ‘Work and Conflict’ by Henry Melville. Images of the pages are available from this link.
Alex Hutter took the doctrine class on the 15th July. We read Psalm 3 and noted verse 8, which makes it plain that salvation is God’s work.
Salvation belongeth unto the LORD
We continue in our studies guided by Affirmation 2010 which states helpfully what we are and are not to believe. In this way it helpfully differs from classic credal statements (although ‘apologists’ have long since taken their enemies to task, often in unstintingly acrid terms).
We’re looking at section 3. The Doctrines of Grace
Arminians believe in election – they do not have a choice (irony!) as it’s in the Bible. Luke 18:7, Romans 8:33, 11:7, 1 Thess 1:4, 2 Tim 2:10 chosen , 2 thes 2:14 chosen, , Eph. 2:10 ordained , Jude 4 – ordained to condemnation – i.e. reprobation.
Anyone with a sense of the bible as authorititative must form a view onelection. Some think 1 Peter 1:2 teaches conditional election.
Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.
‘We are elected to salvation because of God’s foreknowledge’. But this interpretation stems directly from views of the freedom of the will, the previous point in the famouse TULIP acronym (total depravity). they say God foreknew who would choose him. Nahum 1:7 is also ‘twistable’ for this cause.
The LORD is good, a strong hold in the day of trouble; and he knoweth them that trust in him.
But then so is any verse that commands the sinner to repent and believe the gospel. ‘If God offers the gospel he is inconsistent to command us to do so’, it is claimed. But Pink points out that God does not lose the right to command just because we are vile sinners. That would be like not condemning a kleptomaniac of theft because he ‘couldn’t help it’. God’s sovreignty and man’s responsibility are likened by Spurgeon to two rails of a train track which we cannot get to meet. Yet you need them both. Salvation is all of God and all of our obligation – both rails. Hypercalvinism will prevent you from calling sinners to repent, likely leading to negation of assurance.
In Romans 11:2, Paul says: ‘God hath not cast away his people which he foreknew.’ But these verses do not tell us that God foreknew who would believe – one would need to insert additional logic to come to that conclusion. This is the opposite to exegesis: my ideas are proved from the text. But the Bible must always speak for itself using scripture to interpret scripture where there is any doubt. Ryle countered Keswick teaching of ‘let go let God’s from the introduction to his book ‘Holiness’.
But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth: 2 Thes 2:13
If God chose us because we would believe, then what difference would it make if he chose me? Why have a concept of election at all? Does not this teach that ‘obedience’ of faith follows election not the other way around.
Barnes notes on 1 Peter 1:2 are very helpful : (from ‘The passage does not affirm… )
Arminians accuse Calvinists of pride, but which teaching implies pride? that God saw belief in me or that God chose outright?
In John 5: the invalid is in a hopeless condition, but commanded to rise take up his bed and walk. Paul on the road to Damascus did not choose God!