Survey of the Bible 4: descent into Egypt to the Exodus

Genesis 50:7-26
1879-1449BC
430 years Abraham was promised this length of time.
Joseph and Moses. Huge sweep. Whole pattern of God’s decrees.
Joseph – Jacob’s favorite son. From the line of Abraham.
Last but one in the family, probably youngest for some time.
Character traits: spoilt, visionary, good, hated for it. telltale, shared these dreams unwisely, naieve, underestimated sin in brothers.
Brothers hated him except perhaps for Reuben. Rachel’s first son.
ignored his tears and took money for him! At that point it must have been hard to see God’s will. Hated their father too. Dreadful thing to do to lie like that. Where is God?! But the Gospel is like that with the fall but sends His Son.
“I am trusted with all except master’s wife. how can I do this great wickedness”
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Survey of the Bible: 3 Call of Abraham to Descent to Egypt (2094-1879 BC)

These notes were taken from what was said at the Doctrine Class 20th January 2013, led by our Pastor Dewi Higham
How is Abraham our father? Romans 4:16 promises. Acts 7:1-4 Hebrews 11:8
Frailty of Abraham – haphazard life. Long time span. Gen 12:1-4, Gen 15:6, 18 sealing of a covenant.  God takes initiative, and not as equal parties.
Gen 17:1-8 he was called and obeyed. Repeated visits and affirmation. Sarah died, Abraham married again. He wouldn’t see the promises fulfilled.
Links between him and Christ many: appearing before the sacking of Sodom. Gen 18:33 Abraham did not depart until the Visitor departed.
Told to slay Isaac drama and significance.
Gen 22:11 Angel of the Lord. Isaac as a believer going to the alter Rom 12. Father and son in agreement as in The Atonement.
Isaac life peaceful. Birth, sacrifice, marrying Rebecca but quite understated. The Lord’s appointments. Jacob and Esau – Jacob quite a character. Nothing to admire. Grace stands out. Not what I am oh Lord but what thou art… Bethel – God’s initiative – the house of God.  Peniel: made lame for the blessing. Change. Heartbreak of account of descent into Egypt.
Apparent weaknesses of men, mysterious paths of providence. Yet all helps to complete the picture of our lives. Nate Saint, unless we see ourselves as expendable we are not useful. We have to be willing and ready even to be bypassed. Eradication of self. Ready to be used but willing to not be used.
Gen 22:11 ‘here am I’, Samuel too – willingness to go or stay. Spurgeon in Mentone, Amy Carmichael confined to bed, but both have an amazing legacy.
Why allowed? Short-sighted really. We do not consider enough that God spoke to Abraham directly. Every piece is where it should be.  Innate submission.  More than fatalism. It is a ‘mighty plan of his great love’, 2 levels of God’s operation: the personal plan, bigger picture of His glory.
Great sense of dread in the nearness of God and yet in the midst the promises of God. Moments of God’s nearness and then we move on with him in our lives.
‘Jesus Christ is the key to the old testament’

Survey of the Bible: 2 The Flood to the call of Abraham

Jeff’s notes are downloadable as a PDF from this link and include a version of the Chronological Chart for the period we’re covering from the dawn of time to the Division of the Kingdom in 932 BC.

1. From the Dawn of History to the Flood. 

  • Genesis Chapter 1 to 5.
  • Genesis 1 and 2 – The Creation.
  • Genesis 3 – The Fall.
  • Genesis 4 – The death of Abel and the birth of Seth.
  • Genesis 5 – The generations of Adam up to Noah and his three sons.

The significance of Gen 1-3

  • The Genesis..  Beginning..  Origin of all things..
  • The origin of   Time and Space..
  • The origin of The universe and this world..
  • The origin of man.. the innate value of man.. even in the womb..
  • The origin of marriage.  For life.  Man and woman.  Family life.
  • The origin of the Sabbath..
  • The origin of sin and all its catastrophic consequences.
  • The origin of all things apart from the origin of God.
  • The significance of 3:15 and Gen 4:25?  
  • The origin of the gospel.   The promised seed

There is one, central theme which, like a golden thread, runs through all the stories of the Old Testament.  That theme is the Coming Christ.  As long as one does not see this, the Old Testament remains a closed book.  As soon as the idea is grasped, the Scriptures are opened. Hendricksen. 

Luke 24:27   Our Lord had risen from the grave had been speaking to the two disciples who were on their way to the village of Emmaus…   “And beginning from Moses and from all the prophets, He had interpreted to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning Himself.”
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Survey of the Bible: 1 Dawn of history to the Flood

The golden thread – the coming Christ

Luke 24:27 And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.
Acts 3:18 But those things, which God before had shewed by the mouth of all his prophets, that Christ should suffer, he hath so fulfilled.
John 5:39 Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me…
46 For had ye believed Moses, ye would have believed me: for he wrote of me.
Luke 24:44 And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me. 45 Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures, 46 And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day:
1 Pet 1:9 Receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls. 10 Of which salvation the prophets have enquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you: 11 Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow.
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Changes to the Doctrine Class for 2013

Reflecting on the Doctrine Class since 2011, we decided on a few changes for 2013:

  1. Taking a ‘Biblical Timeline/Bible Books’ rather than treating an aspect or theme of systematic theology (which we have been doing for 18 months now and which we can return to again).
  2. Unifying the topic, i.e. each week a different person taking us through the topic will be asked to cover a given portion of the material. Previously each person has led their own theme. Our textbook and theme will be Hendriksen’s Survey of the Bible (see under ‘H’ in the Church Library).
  3. Tighter scheduling of topics – no carrying forward if we do not finish a topic in ‘one sitting’.
  4. Wider group of people to share the duty of leading the group through that week’s topic. We are delighted that the Pastor has agreed to lead the meeting on a couple of occasions  (see ‘Rota’ link on right for details) although we are all keen to support the Welsh language work, Capel y Rhath which meets at the same time.
Apart from the overarching aims of the meeting, as outlined in the ‘About’ page of this blog, we have the following aims for this series especially:
  1. To develop our ‘date-consciousness’ with any part of God’s Word (Hendrikson, p43). This ‘historical perspective is absolutely essential to the mastery of the meaning of Scripture’, he says.
  2. To highlight the ‘one, central theme which, like a golden thread, runs through all…’ (p83), namely, ‘the central revelation of the Triune God in Christ’ (p55).