Survey of the Bible: 8 Rehoboam and Jereboam (932-722 BC)

With Hendriksen as our guide, we take our focus on two aims:

  1. Trace the Christ in the old testament
  2. become more date-conscious

1. Dawn of history to the Flood (4004-2328 BC)
2. Flood to call of Abraham (2328-2094 BC)
3. Call of Abraham to Descent to Egypt (2094-1879 BC)
4. Descent to Egypt to the Exodus (1879-1449 BC)
5. The Exodus to Joshua’s death (1449-1388 BC)
6. Death of Joshua to King Saul (1388-1052 BC)
7. Saul, David Solomon (1052-932 BC)
8. Rehoboam and Jereboam (932-722 BC)

1700 years from Creation (4000BC) to Flood (2300BC)
1000 years each from Abraham (2000BC) to David (1000BC) to Christ.
Exodus was 1450BC

Last week we usefully compared Saul and David, observing the parallel lives they led… up to a point. What was the fault line?

David has that tremendous promise about the throne, 2 Sam 7:12-29
Many psalms point to Christ: 8,16,22,31 etc.
Recommend Bonar’s book on the psalms, currently re-published by Tentmaker.

Intertribal warfare to the Fall of Samaria

The actual scene of the split was Israel’s justifiable claims of being over-burdened – Rehoboam foolishly heeds the council of the young friends instead of the wise advisers – 1 Kings 12.

Fault-lines there for a while, Ishbosheth installed as the puppet of Abner (2 Sam 2)
And when David falls (2 Sam 12) and the curse on his line is pronounced: Now therefore the sword shall never depart from thine house (2 Sam 12:10)
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Survey of the Bible 7: Saul, David and Solomon (1052-932 BC)

Alex Hutter took the doctrine class today. Reading was from 2 Sam 7

Transition between judges and kings. Eli and (1Sam7:5) Samuel’s children (Joel & Abiah), failures of the times of the judges, lust of the people after a king as other nations. They were a theocrasy but wanted a man. Set to go ill with them. God warned them about it. ‘He will take…’ Contrast with the Lord, who gives and who gave Himself for me (Gal 2:20).
Lessons for us? People wanted a physical thing as more real, missing the whole point of God’s requiring the just living by faith. Desire the Lord’s will, as the saviour did in Gethsemany. ‘Leanness to our souls’. Hendriksen brings out the parallel between Saul and David: but then their reactions were different when found out and accused, Samuel and Nathan. Saul delivered Jabesh famously. Magnanimous towards his native enemies. But he rushed the offering at the Philistines (from Crete) attack. Obedience in the ‘little things’.
Saul failed to slay all Amalekites. Saul did not repent and actually tried to argue his case. Makes a good show 1Sam15:24-25. But Samuel will not accept this, excuses, showed his proud heart would not repent and he became miserable. Saul even wept at being shown up by David but soon he was chasing again. Est 3 – Haman was an Agagite.
David’s early victory was Goliath. Saul has slain his 1000’s, but David our 10,000’s. Not rejoicing from Saul even though it was a great victory for Saul!
Ishbosheth’s rule was brief over Israel. Jerusalem taken. Bringing the ark back. Still great sins: Bathsheba and Uriah. Grew lazy, and the sin arises. Sets Uriah up, but Uriah too noble. Death sentence was taken in his own hand. Aggravation of sin. 2 Sam 12:9 condemns to a life of He did loose 4-fold – 4 of his sons!
Responds well to rebuke but still took a long time. Uriah recorded as one of David great mighty men.
Numbering the people – even Joab knew this was wrong! The Lord speaking through a donkey! Gad comes with his options. No excuses. Let us fall into the hand of God. Encouraging to find that the Lord forgives us our sins, do not cover your sins.
Solomon inherits a huge kingdom. The golden age. Visit from Queen of Sheba. He falls into sin through many wives. Watch who our friends are. Walk with the godliest people you can.

Survey of the Bible 6: The Judges 1388-1052BC

We enjoyed the newly installed heating system in the upper hall for the first time this week. Peter Jones took the class for us today. Judges 336 years . Real people, real fighting, real failure to wipe out the people of the nations who had filled up their measure of sin. Israel failed again and again. j 1:1,17:6, 21:25 Relapse, retribution, repentance, restoration Do we know who all the judges were or even how many there were? 12 not counting Eli and Samuel. J 3:10,6:34,14:6, 11:29, Deborah & Barak Tola, Jair, Ibsom, Samson, Jepthah, Othniel, Ehud, Shamgar, Abdon, Elon, 4 seem to be set apart by the phrase concerning the Spirit of the Lord Samuel a type of Christ, 1 Samuel 1:1-12 Hannah, childless, had a special role through her promised son… the last and greatest judge. Hannah’s song reflects Mary’s in the New Testament. 1 Sam 2:11-36 Eli and his sons 1 Sam 3:1-4 Call of Samuel 1 Sam 4: Loss of the Ark, abused by Israel as a mere talisman 1 Sam 5: Dagon assumed to have given the victory. 1 Sam 6:19 even Israel could not mess around with the ark. 1 Sam 7 sees Israel call on the Lord once again. Samuel grew in favour with God and men, as did Jesus. As a prophet and offerer of sacrifices, and judge, he is like the Saviour as Prophet, Priest and King.

Survey of the Bible 5: The Exodus to the Death of Joshua

1. Dawn of history to the Flood (4004-2328 BC)
2. Flood to call of Abraham (2328-2094 BC)
3. Call of Abraham to Descent to Egypt (2094-1879 BC)
4. Descent to Egypt to the Exodus (1879-1449 BC)
5. The Exodus to Joshua’s death (1449-1388 BC)

Through a broad-brush survey

  • Tracing the ‘golden thread’ Christ in the Old Testament
  • Become more date conscious

Highlights from previous sessions in this series?

  1. The Lord is not a despot: obedience to God was optional to Adam and Eve: they obeyed God because he ‘said so’,and to continue in that would have been an act of the highest moral value.
  2. “God’s assessment of the antediluvian race is one of the most dismal on record.  According to verse 5 the wickedness of men was “great in the earth.“  But even more disheartening than that, “every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.”  This is striking contrast to the language of Gen 1:31: “God saw everything that He had made, and… it was very good.”
  3. Call of Abraham – haphazard life, interfering in strange ways. Yet he obeyed and believed God. We have to be willing to be expendable, or overlooked..
  4. Moses – 10 plagues – many of these were unleashed on that which the Egyptians idolised, e.g. the sun.

Last time we covered 430 years – period between Israel entering and leaving Egypt.
This time is a little over 60 years!
Date of the Exodus? 1450 BC

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